Multidisciplinary In Situ Simulation Debrief Sessions and the Impact They have on Learners’ Ability to Debrief as a Team (1090-003748) (Developmental Research Projects: Communication, Debriefing, Faculty Training (By Invitation Only))
Start time: Thursday, February 4, 2021, 2:00 PM
, 3:00 PM Session Type: Research Study Development and Presentation Program Abstracts
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a debrief session that includes members of a multidisciplinary medical team following an in situ simulated encounter. In situ simulation and debrief sessions have been extensively studied with positive results; however, multidisciplinary debrief sessions has yet to be formally evaluated and discussed in the simulation literature. Debriefing in the healthcare setting helps team members discuss actions, reflect on challenges and come up with strategies for improvement. Typical simulation sessions and debriefs are done in settings where all the learners come from the same professional backgrounds. In reality, debriefs in the clinical world take place in teams comprised of medical professionals from many different disciplines. We hypothesize that realistic in situ simulation debrief sessions involving healthcare providers from multiple disciplines will promote communication skills and encourage debriefs in real-life clinical practice.
Nurses, technicians, respiratory therapists, physicians, and pharmacists participated in simulated patient encounters in an academic emergency department. Each simulation was immediately followed by a 15 minute debrief session. These simulations allowed an multidisciplinary team to work together on a difficult case in their usual practice environment and utilizing the equipment that is typically used in their day to day practice. Participants were chosen at random and the simulated activity was held once a month. The number of participants ranged from three to nine per session with the average number of participants being six. These simulations took place between the months of August 2019 to February 2020. A total of seven sessions were held. All participants were asked to fill out a survey focused on the debrief session that followed the simulation. The surveys were distributed electronically and were anonymous. The survey is attached for review.
The responses for this study are in the process of being collected and analyzed. Currently there is a 40% response rate. The survey shows that only 50% of the participants have participated in multidisciplinary simulation debriefing in the past. Current results show that the majority of participants do not regularly debrief in a multidisciplinary team setting after difficult clinical cases. The majority of respondents answered that the multidisciplinary debrief helped provide them with skills that they could use following future difficult cases in the ED, with no respondent answering negatively to this question. The majority of participants also answered that the debrief session improved their ability to communicate within a multidisciplinary team. 93% of the respondents answered that the debrief session improved their knowledge and understanding of the simulation case. Most respondents have also answered that others in their field would benefit from participating in this exercise.