Low-cost Manikin for Teaching Intracranial Pressure Monitoring (1090-004063)
CE Hours: 0.25 Session Type: SimVentors
A LOW COST MANNEQUIN FOR TEACHING INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE MONITORING This project presents an experimental low cost model for teaching Intracranial Pressure Monitoring (ICP) in a Neuro Intensive Education Program. The model was created from a mannequin’s head. Inside the head, there is a plastic infusion bag simulating the cerebral ventricle with an inserted ventricular catheter connected to the ICP system. On the mannequin’s ear there is a blue landmark indicating the right place to set the zero point for the ICP measurement. The simulated "cerebral ventricle" may also be replaced by others with simulated or infected cerebrospinal fluid. The mannequin is provided with a video displaying how to perform ICP monitoring, which can be assessed through a QR code attached to the mannequin. Attendees will have the opportunity to put hands-on all the system. Intensive neurological monitoring involves investigating changes in internal pressures of the Central Nervous System in patients with severe neurological disorders, particularly in those victims of traumatic brain injury. ICP measurement data contribute to clinical assessment and support the physician's decision on the appropriate intervention. However, because ICP measurement is not an easy procedure to perform, Emergency Medicine teachers and students developed a low-cost training mannequin at the Simulation Center so that medical students could safely practice before treating patients with neurological disorders. Assessment can be performed based on a checklist form containing all the procedure steps upon which teachers can track students' learning progress. This project aims to offer a safe method for training intensive neurological monitoring for clinical assessment of patients with neurological disorders. Discussion Patients affected by intracranial hypertension should be continuously evaluated, with special attention to episodes of hypotension, hypoxia, brain swelling, bleeding and changes in cerebral hemodynamics. The study of intracranial pressure monitoring through an experimental model presents a controlled training method, suitable for teaching and research. Conclusion This project offers a safe training method for simulating intracranial pressure monitoring in patients with severe neurological disorders. Key words Neurology. Intracranial Pressure. Medical Education. Simulation.